Electronic automatic transmissions.

Electronic automatic transmissions.

Through the use of electronics, transmissions have better shift timing and quality. Electronic transmission control provides automatic gear changes when certain operating conditions are met. Although these transmissions function in the same way as earlier...
What are car sensors?

What are car sensors?

Starting back in the late 80s and early 90s, almost every function of vehicle engines and drivetrains has been controlled by a central processor and a chain of sensors. These sensors include: Spark advance or retard Fuel metering and delivery Transmission shift points...
Fuel delivery systems.

Fuel delivery systems.

To have an efficient-running engine there must be the correct amount of fuel. To provide this fuel must be stored, pumped out of storage, piped to the engine, filtered and delivered to the fuel injectors. Fuel delivery is an important system in automobiles. Modern...
Turbo systems.

Turbo systems.

The first turbocharger was produced in the late 19th century by German engineer, Gottlieb Daimler, but they didn’t come to prominence until after WWI, when aircraft manufacturers began adding them to aeroplanes to provide power to engines operating at higher...
OBD-I & OBD-II: Code Readers vs Diagnostic scan tools

OBD-I & OBD-II: Code Readers vs Diagnostic scan tools

On-board diagnostic (OBD) systems first started showing up on cars in the late 1970’s and early 1980’s and these systems rapidly grew in complexity. These OEM-specific systems are collectively referred to as OBD-I systems as they have basic on-board diagnostic...