Electronic automatic transmissions.

Electronic automatic transmissions.

Through the use of electronics, transmissions have better shift timing and quality. Electronic transmission control provides automatic gear changes when certain operating conditions are met. Although these transmissions function in the same way as earlier...
What are car sensors?

What are car sensors?

Starting back in the late 80s and early 90s, almost every function of vehicle engines and drivetrains has been controlled by a central processor and a chain of sensors. These sensors include: Spark advance or retard Fuel metering and delivery Transmission shift points...
Fuel delivery systems.

Fuel delivery systems.

To have an efficient-running engine there must be the correct amount of fuel. To provide this fuel must be stored, pumped out of storage, piped to the engine, filtered and delivered to the fuel injectors. Fuel delivery is an important system in automobiles. Modern...
Turbo systems.

Turbo systems.

The first turbocharger was produced in the late 19th century by German engineer, Gottlieb Daimler, but they didn’t come to prominence until after WWI, when aircraft manufacturers began adding them to aeroplanes to provide power to engines operating at higher...
OBD-I & OBD-II: Code Readers vs Diagnostic scan tools

OBD-I & OBD-II: Code Readers vs Diagnostic scan tools

On-board diagnostic (OBD) systems first started showing up on cars in the late 1970’s and early 1980’s and these systems rapidly grew in complexity. These OEM-specific systems are collectively referred to as OBD-I systems as they have basic on-board diagnostic...
Antilock brake system (ABS)

Antilock brake system (ABS)

Modern antilock brake systems can be thought of as electronic/hydraulic pumping of the brakes for straight-line stopping under panic conditions. Good drivers have always pumped the brake pedal during panic stops to avoid wheel lock up and the loss of steering control....
Brake fluid test

Brake fluid test

Testing your brake fluid can be one of the most important checks you do on a car. Just as important as engine oil and even petrol for your car, your cars brake fluid should always be in good condition. Brake fluid, also known as hydraulic fluid, is responsible for...
Spark Plugs

Spark Plugs

Spark plugs are the business end of the ignition system and an integral component in the ignition system. They receive high voltage electrical current from the ignition coil(s) which they use to ignite the air/fuel mixture in the combustion chamber. This continuous...